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 Chrysocolla Gemstone Properties 




Chrysocolla, the king of carbonate copper gemstones, is an alluring, vivid blue-green color and is often mistaken for turquoise because they share many visual similarities. It can often be found intermingled with malachite, turquoise and azurite, creating a wonderful mixed gemstone known as eilat stone. Legend has it that eilat stone was originally mined in King Solomon's mines in Africa. The rich, vibrant blue and green colors of chrysocolla are reminiscent of looking down upon the earth's surface from space.

The name chrysocolla was first used to describe the stone by Theophrastus, a Greek philosopher and botanist, in 315 B.C. The word was derived from the Greek words chrysos, meaning gold, and kola, meaning glue, referencing the fact that chrysocolla was employed from the earliest times by goldsmiths as an ingredient for solder, called santerna by the Romans, to weld gold pieces together. This fancy gemstone has indeed inspired creativity in many artists, whether they were ancient goldsmiths using it as solder, Renaissance painters grinding it as pigment for paint or modern jewelry designer-artists including it within their florid designs.

For thousands of years chrysocolla has been known throughout the world as a stone of calming reconciliation and reassurance. In ancient Egypt, it was called the "wise stone" because it shielded and encouraged the mind during negotiations. Those who wore it generally came up with clever compromises and resolutions. This stone also has the ability to help people who are violent to become more sensitive and tolerant which is why, as an ambassador, Cleopatra wore chrysocolla jewelry everywhere she went.

This stone lends itself well to opulence. Nero was a Roman Emperor and well-known patron of the green faction of ancient Rome. These ancient factions were split into four colors: red, white, blue and green and were elite clubs that people felt loyalty to above all others. They would have many competitions, such as chariot races, and would do anything to ensure that their club would win and be proven superior. The green faction was the most dominant club, so when Nero was to take part in a race as a charioteer, he dusted the circus arena with ground green chrysocolla powder instead of using the customary sand.

Chrysocolla can be found wherever large copper deposits occur, most notably in Africa, Mexico and the state of Arizona. Apache chrysocolla from the state of Arizona is a mixture of chrysocolla, turquoise, jasper, lapis, malachite and quartz crystal minerals. The history of Apache chrysocolla being used as a stone of gentle healing coincides with the history of other cultures. Legends originating in Far East places such as Tibet and Africa also tell of healings through the use of chrysocolla. It has often been called multi-colored turquoise and, until recently, was not considered a gemstone in its own right until it was cited as a semiprecious gem rock. Then it became a favored stone for jewelry symbolizing prosperity, luck and fortitude.

Designing with Chrysocolla

Chrysocolla is an opulent gemstone that can be found with traces of malachite, turquoise, jasper and azurite within it, so combining it with these gorgeous stones to make a beautiful tonal look is very easy. Sterling silver complements this gemstone, as do the wonderfully handcrafted Hill Tribes and Rajasthani fine silver beads, or you can use copper wire and findings for truly powerful designs that will amplify the energy of the stone.

Chrysocolla can also be combined in beautiful clusters with the dramatic sparkle of Swarovski® crystals in rich blue, green and black designer colors. Chrysocolla cabochons can be framed with hand-molded Art Clay® settings that are beautifully artistic and as individual as the maker.

The Power of the Stone

Chrysocolla is the gentlest of stones. It's not a high-energy stone like quartz, rutilated quartz, or smoky quartz, and unlike malachite, azurite and lapis, it doesn't bring buried emotions to the surface. Its main role is to soothe, calm and inspire. Its color alone is soothing with a deep blue-green which might remind you of a distant mountaintop or the stillness at the bottom of the sea.

Chrysocolla, with associations of tranquility, peace, intuition, patience and unconditional love, is known as a healing stone among Native American cultures where it has been used to strengthen the body's resistance to illness and emotional duress. It has also been used traditionally to bring about calm feelings where there is upset and can be used to purify a place or restore balance to a person.

Chrysocolla is not assigned to any particular month as a birthstone; however it's a wonderful stone to use in conjunction with turquoise in traditional December birthstone jewelry.

Chrysocolla has the ability to bring harmony, increase wisdom and guide you toward discretion. It promotes level headedness, encouraging clarity of thought and a neutral, calm attitude during turbulence by purifying the home, environment and the mind. Use it to decrease nervousness and irritability.

Chrysocolla is a good choice to wear when you have difficulty expressing your feelings or your creativity. For example, if you work on computers, wear chrysocolla to help you combine your creative ideas with your work as well as to improve the results of your work. You should cleanse your chrysocolla once a month by rinsing it under warm running water, and then place it in a bowl of water overnight with a piece of genuine hematite to recharge it.

Geological Properties

Chrysocolla is a copper-bearing mineral found wherever copper deposits occur, and can be found in prominent areas of the southwestern USA, Chile, Australia, France, England, the former USSR and Zaire.
Mineral InformationCopper silicate
Chemical CompositionCuSi3.2H2O
ColorGreen, blue with brown-white-black streak
Hardness2-4
Specific Gravity2.00-2.40
Refractive Indexapprox. 1.50

Proper Care

Chrysocolla is a soft gemstone, so special care should always be taken to keep the stone in a nice polished condition. Chrysocolla is sometimes coated with clear, colorless resin to improve the durability and appearance, so steam and ultrasonic cleaners, household chemicals and prolonged exposure to excessive heat should be avoided as they can cause permanent damage to the stone and this coating. The safest way to clean chrysocolla is with warm soapy water and a soft cloth.

Chrysocolla jewelry should be stored separate from other jewelry items that can easily scratch it. Avoid hitting your chrysocolla jewelry with sharp blows as this can fracture and shatter the stone.

Additional Information

To learn more about chrysocolla and other gemstones, order your copy of Walter Schumann's revised and expanded edition of Gemstones of the World.

For chrysocolla jewelry design ideas, visit the Gallery of Designs.

For the most up-to-date fashion and color forecasts, visit Fire Mountain Gems and Beads Fashion Spotlight.

*Please note that all metaphysical or healing properties listed are collected from various sources. This information is offered as a service and not meant to treat medical conditions. Fire Mountain Gems and Beads does not guarantee the validity of any of these statements.

Shop for Chrysocolla Items

**Please note that all metaphysical or healing properties listed are collected from various sources. This information is offered as a service and not meant to treat medical conditions. Fire Mountain Gems and Beads® does not guarantee the validity of any of these statements.


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Products sold by Fire Mountain Gems and Beads® are intended for experienced jewelry-makers and designer-artists;
children 14 years of age or younger should use these products with adult direction.

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