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Bar-and-Ring Clasp - (see also Toggle Clasp ) An immensely popular two-piece clasp with one "T" shaped bar and a loop. The loop is usually a circle, but sometimes other shapes such as a star, heart, leaf or square are used. The clasp is closed by pulling the "T" shaped bar though the open loop, then releasing so the bar straddles the loop.

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Baroque Pearl - An irregularly shaped pearl, whether natural, cultured or manufactured. Can also refer to a highly-embellished artistic style from the 1600s to 1750s which included artists Caravaggio and Rembrandt (as well as musicians such as Bach and Vivaldi).

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Barrel Bead - A tubular bead which is wider across the center and narrows at the ends, with a flat non-tapering end. It is shaped like an old wooden barrel, like those seen on old sailing ships.

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Barrel Clasp - (see also Screw Clasp and Torpedo Clasp) A low-profile clasp with a threaded closure, which is twisted or screwed to open and to close. Can include Bead Clasp styles.

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Bayonet Clasp - A clasp which looks like a bead and has a narrow bayonet closure.

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Bead - A generally hard material, in any shape and small to medium size, which contains a hole for stringing.

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Bead Board - Flat surface with channels used to design jewelry by offering a single or multiple channels. Some may be soft silicone, others may be flocked, in order to create a no-slip surface.

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Bead Cap - A bowl-shaped component used to "cap" one or both ends of a bead to add visual interest to a design. Mostly decorative, but can also prevent beads from rubbing against each other.

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Bead Clasp - A clasp which looks like a bead and has a magnet, screw, tab insert or bayonet closure. Can include Barrel Clasp, Bayonet Clasp, Box Clasp, Magnetic Clasp, Screw Clasp and Torpedo Clasp styles.

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Bead Embroidery - Using traditional embroidery or sewing stitches to attach beads to fabric, leather or other surfaces. Bead embroidery is commonly used to embellish clothing, shoes and home décor, although there are designer-artists who create complex art using the technique.

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Bead Loom - (also called beading loom) Frame designed to hold multiple strands of thread parallel. A piece of thread strung with seed beads in a predetermined order is run back and forth between every other thread to create a pattern.

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Bead Reamer - A tool used to smooth or enlarge the drill hole in a bead, or to soften the edges of the hole. Bead reamers can be manual or electric. Specialized reamers are available for other materials--see Pearl Reamer.

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Bead Weaving, Off-Loom - Weaving techniques adapted to create a flexible "fabric" out of seed beads and thread using a needle and thread.

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Bead Weaving, On-Loom - Weaving techniques adapted to create a flexible "fabric" out of seed beads and thread. Seed beads are woven between the warp threads on a Beading Loom to create a design or pattern.

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Beading Hook - Acrylic hook used for attaching beading to lampshades, curtain rods, serving bowls or shade pulls.

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Beading Wire - Beading wire is actually a cable composed of multiple strands of wire twisted together. It is much more flexible and stronger than single strand wire. The most common type of beading wire is made from braided stainless steel strands of wire and is nylon coated. Beading wire can also be made from other metals such as brass, nickel-titanium and sterling silver. Beading wire comes in a variety of different gauges or weights. Depending on the number of strands it contains, the flexibility will vary. A thinner wire will give an appealing drape to lightweight beads such as gemstone heishi and bugle or seed beads. A thicker weight wire should be used to accommodate larger, heavier bead strands and heavier usage. Beading wire does not hold a shape by itself and is not intended to replace the type of wire used in wire-wrap projects. Jewelry designs made with beading wire must be finished with crimps.

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Beadswax® - A mixture with a beeswax base, used for bead-based inlay work.

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Beeswax - Wax from a beehive that is used during beading to make the surface of a thread smooth and slightly sticky. This keeps multiple fibers together for ease of beading and to give protection against fraying and water damage.

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Beggar Beads - Multicolored agate necklaces worn in historical times by beggars, as it was commonly believed that agates attracted wealth.

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Bent Chain-Nose Pliers - A pair of chain-nose pliers with bent jaws, used to reach into tight places or odd angles, and grip beads or components. The bent tips allows access into difficult areas without blocking the line of vision.

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children 14 years of age or younger should use these products with adult direction.

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