S-Hook Clasp - A double-ended clasp shaped like an "S." Available in a spectrum of sizes and styles; some clasps are sold with two rings. Pinching the arm of the "S" secures the clasp. Pulling the "S" open again releases the ring and opens the clasp.
Saltwater Pearl - (see also Cultured Saltwater Pearl) Pearls created by a pearl farmer, who inserts a tiny piece, or "seed," of mother-of-pearl into a saltwater pearl oyster. The pearl oyster will coat the seed with progressive layers of nacre, creating a pearl.
Scarab - A scarab is a member of the Scarabaeidae family. This group of insects is made up of about 30,000 species of heavy oval-shaped beetles.
A scarab is also a type of talisman made of stone, metal or other materials, in the shape of a scarab beetle. Scarab pendants and cabochons are often seen in modern jewelry, but were first hugely popular in ancient Egypt around 2,000 BCE. Finely carved scarabs were worn in ancient Egypt as jewelry and were also created for use as seals by individuals and government officials. The Egyptians also often buried scarab carvings with mummies, as it was considered a symbol of the soul.
Semiprecious Stones - Natural stones that generally have a lower value than precious stones, including amethyst, aventurine, carnelian, garnet, opal, rose quartz and others. Primarily used in fashion jewelry.
Silver Plate (SP) - A fine silver film deposited on a base metal by electrolysis, in the same kind of electrically-charged bath used to make gold electroplate. The film can be as thin as seven millionths of an inch. A silver plate item cannot be called sterling or bear a marking of "silver."
Silver-Filled - A mechanical bonding with a silver alloy of at least 92.5 percent fineness. The bonding must be equal to at least one-twentieth of the metal in the article. This can also be called silver overlay, but never silver plate.
Slide Lock Clasp - (see also Multi-Strand Clasp) A clasp consisting of a set of tubes, one of which slides inside the other and locks into place. The bar style of these multi-strand clasp holds almost an unlimited number of strands of chain, cord, beading wire or thread.
Snap Lock Clasp - (see also Fold-Over Clasp) A low-profile clasp which is less likely to tangle or snag on clothes or hair than other styles. This hinged clasp folds shut, closing securely and locking with a quiet "snap." With this secure closure, snap lock clasps are ideal for bracelets or anklets.
Split Ring - Double-wire ring findings, similar to those found on a keychain, used to connect jewelry-making components. Used when security and strength in a ring is paramount, as it is both stronger and bulkier than an equivalently sized jumpring.
Split Ring Pliers - A pair of pliers with a small hook on one tip, designed to open split rings just enough to slide them onto a finding. The split ring can then immediately close without distorting or warping the metal out of shape.
Stabilized/Stabilization - As defined by the American Gem Trade Association (AGTA), stabilization is the use of a colorless bonding agent (commonly plastic) with a porous gemstone to give it durability and improve appearance. Turquoise is a commonly stabilized gemstone.