Three different scales ranging from 10-100 for measuring the resistance of gels, rubbers and plastics to indentation. Shore A00 measures very soft rubbers and gels. Shore A measures flexible rubbers to semi-rigid plastics. Shore D measures hard...
Tin is a pure metallic element, listed on the periodic table as Sn (an abbreviation of Stannum, which is Latin for tin). Tin resists oxidization and corrosion, so it is commonly used in metal jewelry components. Tin is found in alloys such as bronze...
finishes have a neutral grey background with bluish or purplish tinges, sometimes referred to as "black chrome." Its name derives from a particular alloy of copper, bronze and zinc, which was originally used in gunmaking, though many alloys...
Zinc is a pure metallic element, listed on the periodic table as Zn, which is commonly used in metal jewelry components. Zinc is found in alloys such as brass (a mix of copper and zinc) or used as an anti-corrosion coating over other metals. The...
Zebra Wire is a copper wire designed for fashion jewelry, crafts and home décor projects. Colored Zebra Wire is made by electroplating a copper wire core, spraying the copper with a vibrant enamel coating, and applying a protective lacquer. This...
Blister pearls are a pearly excrescence formed on the inside of the shell of a mollusk (oyster) commonly enclosing a foreign body, such as a bit of mud or parasite. Blister pearls are often irregular in shape.
Brown-plated items have a polished copper core, dipped in a liquid brown compound (the recipe is a trade secret). The items are then baked to fuse the coating into the metal, slowly cooled, then polished again. Items can display a slight rainbow...
Bridge jewelry is generally thought of as jewelry that is the bridge between fine jewelry and costume jewelry. It may use vermeil, gold-filled or sterling silver metals and semi-precious stones such as amethyst, citrine, turquoise, jade, topaz,...
Costume jewelry is generally thought of as jewelry made from base metals, glass, plastics and other synthetics. It may also be comprised of shell, wood and other organic materials. Costume jewelry can be artisan-made or mass produced.
Fine jewelry is generally thought of as jewelry that uses at least 14Kt gold or other precious metals and precious gems like diamonds, sapphires, rubies or emeralds. Fine jewelry can be mass-produced or artisan-made.
Vitrail is a translucent color-coating effect that is vacuum sealed onto the reverse side of glass and crystal beads. Named for the French word that translates as 'stained glass' in English, the vitrail effect shines through the transparent...
Beading wire is actually a cable composed of multiple strands of wire twisted together. It is much more flexible and stronger than single strand wire. The most common type of beading wire is made from braided stainless steel strands of wire and is...
A round crystal component which is faceted to a point on both sides.
The depth of the grip range of an ice-pick bail. The grip length measures the distance of a stringing hole from the edge of a drilled focal, so a flat round with a hole 5mm from the edge will require a bail with a grip length of 5mm or more.
Items are made by combining a durable outer layer of sterling silver (.925/20) surrounding a copper-alloy core. Fabrication is completed with an anti-tarnish coating to preserve the beauty. Sterling silver-filled items handle like sterling silver.
(see also Earpost) A finding, usually metal, used to create ear jewelry. The post or stud of the finding passes through the ear, and is secured by an earnut on the back. The front can be plain or highly decorated, and many styles offer attachment...
Aurora Borealis 2X (AB2X)
The AB2X surface effect has two times the coating of the AB effect, covering the entire crystal. The iridescent rainbow effect is seen on all sides, producing the utmost sparkle.
Originally a term from ancient Greek astronomy, "zodiac" described the constellations which are on the path the sun takes across the sky over the course of a solar year. Those constellations were each eventually assigned to one of 12 months, forming...
A particular faceting style or "cut," unique to and patented by Swarovski in their line of beads and jewelry-making components.
(also called Accu-Guard™ or wire protector) A horseshoe-shaped loop of metal used to cradle and protect beading wire, thread or cord from fraying through contact with metal components such as clasps or links.
A pair of pliers with designed with a stepped round tip, in order to make consistent 4mm, 6mm and 8mm loops or jumprings.
(also called Murano glass) A glass bead created in the style of the glass artists of Venice, primarily on the island of Murano. Venetian glass beads are famous the world over for their color, craftsmanship and exceptional quality. Many glassworking...
A hinged clasp which is hooked through each end of a continuous necklace, or opera-length pearl strand, changing it into a twisted choker necklace.
(see also Barrel Clasp and Screw Clasp) A low-profile clasp with a threaded closure, which is twisted or screwed to open and to close. Can include Bead Clasp styles.
(also called bar-and-ring clasp or T-bar clasp) A style of clasp consisting of a loop (usually a circle, but sometimes other shapes such as stars, hearts or leaves); the other piece is a ''T'' shaped bar. The clasp is closed by pulling the ''T''...
A miniature braided stainless steel cable-style wire used for jewelry-making. Tigertail has a nylon coating, which protects the steel wire from corrosion or wear, and is stiff enough to be strung without using a beading needle. Tigertail is secured...
A non-toxic, hypoallergenic synthetic polymer material used to coat beading thread. It binds thread fibers and prevents fraying--straightens, strengthens and weatherizes. It adds a thin, even, slick coating to thread so beads slide easily and...
A length of fine string composed of several fibers twisted or spun into a single strand. Thread can be made of natural fibers (such as silk and cotton) and manmade fibers (such as nylon and Kevlar). Thread that has been woven (or braided) into a...
A heat treatment used for metals and glass. Tempering is used to toughen steel and change the breakage effect in glass. Tempered glass is used for automobile windows, glass tables, lab equipment and more.
Tab Lock Clasp
An easy-open clasp which closes by inserting the decorative tab into the slot of the other half of the clasp. This easy-open, easy-close style is held closed by the weight of the finished jewelry itself. Due to their ease of opening, they are...
A form of the Lobster Claw Clasp. The swivel allows the design to twist 360 degrees while the clasp stays in place, so they are ideal for bracelets and anklets.
A company and brand name for leaded crystal glass. Swarovski products are renowned for their color, brilliance and high quality
As defined by the American Gem Trade Association (AGTA), stabilization is the use of a colorless bonding agent (commonly plastic) with a porous gemstone to give it durability and improve appearance. Turquoise is a commonly stabilized gemstone.
A popular spring-loaded clasp used with a jumpring or chain tab. It comes in a multitude of sizes, for single-strand to multi-strand designs.
Split Ring Pliers
A pair of pliers with a small hook on one tip, designed to open split rings just enough to slide them onto a finding. The split ring can then immediately close without distorting or warping the metal out of shape.
Double-wire ring findings, similar to those found on a keychain, used to connect jewelry-making components. Used when security and strength in a ring is paramount, as it is both stronger and bulkier than an equivalently sized jumpring.
Snap Lock Clasp
(see also Fold-Over Clasp) A low-profile clasp which is less likely to tangle or snag on clothes or hair than other styles. This hinged clasp folds shut, closing securely and locking with a quiet "snap." With this secure closure, snap lock clasps...
Slide Lock Clasp
(see also Multi-Strand Clasp) A clasp consisting of a set of tubes, one of which slides inside the other and locks into place. The bar style of these multi-strand clasp holds almost an unlimited number of strands of chain, cord, beading wire or...
A frame, container or cage designed for the placement of faceted gemstones or cabochons.
A uniformly shaped significantly small bead used for beading and jewelry-making. Seed beads are available in a myriad of colors, finishes and sizes.
(see also Barrel Clasp and Torpedo Clasp) A low-profile clasp with a threaded closure, which is twisted or screwed to open and to close. Can include Bead Clasp styles.
A form of weaving that creates a material with a glossy surface and a matte back. Commonly used in formal dress material, ribbon and cording.
(see also Cultured Saltwater Pearl) Pearls created by a pearl farmer, who inserts a tiny piece, or "seed," of mother-of-pearl into a saltwater pearl oyster. The pearl oyster will coat the seed with progressive layers of nacre, creating a pearl.
A double-ended clasp shaped like an "S." Available in a spectrum of sizes and styles; some clasps are sold with two rings. Pinching the arm of the "S" secures the clasp. Pulling the "S" open again releases the ring and opens the clasp.
A pair of pliers with round jaws, used to create curves and loops in a range of diameters in headpins, eyepins and other metal wire.
A pair of pliers created by blending Round-Nose Pliers with Side-Cutting Pliers. Round-Nose Pliers create round loops and curves. Side-Cutting Pliers cut wire smoothly.
A particular configuration of beads and components used in the Roman Catholic religious belief. A number of rosary forms have occurred over time, such as the soldiers' rosary or the penal rosary. The word "rosary" has also been adapted as a general...
A flat or disc-shaped bead. Typically round, rondelles are also available in square or triangular shapes.
A small seed bead, sized at 15/0, manufactured by Miyuki of Japan.
A thin band of flexible material, usually fabric or thin leather, used for binding and tying. In jewelry-making, ribbon is used as stringing material, embellishment and more.