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Encyclo-BEADia
Beading Resources > Encyclo-BEADia > Encyclo-BEADia Search Results
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Abalone - An iridescent mother-of-pearl harvested from certain saltwater mollusks.
Paua shell is a variety of abalone.

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Acrylic Resin - A form of plastic which can be molded into a variety of shapes, including beads, components and findings.

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Add-a-Bead Clasp - A clasp which is extremely narrow, in order to allow large-hole beads to slide right over the clasp and onto the chain or cord. Can include Bayonet Clasp or Bead Clasp styles.

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Adhesive - (see also Glue) A liquid, semi-liquid, gel or film that adheres or bonds items together.

E-6000® and G-S Hypo cement are adhesives.

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Adjustable Clasp - A clasp with a short length of chain that allows the wearer to vary the necklace length by attaching the clasp into different links of the chain. Can include Hook-and-Eye and Lobster Claw Clasp styles.

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Alloy - A blend of elements to create a new metal, usually in order to add strength and durability.
Argentium™ silver is an alloy of silver, copper and germanium.

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Anklet - A form of bracelet, usually chain, worn around the ankle. Anklets made of leather or fiber are increasingly popular.

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Annealing - Heating metal in order to activate, increase or change its strength, hardness, ductibility and other traits.

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Antique - An item, regardless of quality, which was manufactured 100 or more years ago.

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Antique Finish - (see also Antiqued) A patina created on metal beads and components that alters the surface colors and gives the appearance of age.

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Antiqued - Metal beads and components which have a human-created patina which alters the surface colors and gives the appearance of age.

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Armature - A framework around which a sculpture is built. Large metal and polymer clay pieces may use an armature to reduce kiln and oven times, and to stretch more expensive materials.

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Aurora Borealis (AB) - Named for the northern lights, aurora borealis is a term for crystal stones that have a highly iridescent surface. The effect is achieved by vapor blasting the facets of the lower part of the crystals with an invisible, micro thin metal sheet. This stone was created by Swarovski in 1955 in collaboration with Christian Dior. Also known as AB, the term now refers to any highly iridescent surface.

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Aurora Borealis 2X (AB2X) - The AB2X surface effect has two times the coating of the AB effect, covering the entire crystal. The iridescent rainbow effect is seen on all sides, producing the utmost sparkle.

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Backstitch - A type of embroidery, sewing and needlework stitch where individual stitches are created in the opposite direction to the direction of the seam. Backstitch is usually utilized to outline shapes, add fine detail or embellish particular parts of a needlework project.

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Bail - A metal loop that is used to attach a chain or cord to a pendant.

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Bail Pendant Mount - Bonds to any flat-backed item to make a pendant.

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Bakelite™ - The trademarked name for synthetic resins and plastics developed by a US chemist. Jewelry pieces made of Bakelite, especially with animal and fruit motifs, were extremely popular in the US in the 1930s and are now considered collectors items. Though still a highly specialized category, Bakelite has had something of a renaissance in this country in recent years.

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Ball Joint Clasp - A clasp which uses pressure on the ball portion to keep the clasp closed.

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Bangle - An inflexible circular bracelet, often narrow in width. Some styles may be hinged, however most bangles have no clasp and must be slipped over the hand to be worn. It can be made of metal, wood, glass, plastic or other materials.

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