Triple-Strand Necklace, Bracelet and Earring Set with BRONZclay™ and COPPRclay™, Swarovski Crystal and Antiqued Brass-Plated Steel Chain
-- Designer --
Kristal Wick, Jewelry Designer and Instructor and Swarovski crystal AmbassadorTo learn more about Kristal Wick, read her jewelry artist success story here
: : : Materials : : :
- Bead, Swarovski crystal, crystal copper, 3mm Xilion bicone (110 beads)
- Bead, Swarovski crystal, olivine, 4mm Xilion bicone (9 beads)
- Bead, Swarovski crystal, light Colorado topaz, 4mm Xilion bicone (8 beads)
- Bead, Swarovski crystal, olivine, 8mm Xilion bicone (22 beads)
- Bead, Swarovski crystal, crystal copper, 6x4mm rondelle (47 beads)
- Bead, Swarovski crystal, erinite, 8x6mm rondelle (2 beads)
- Seed bead, Delica, glass, transparent topaz brown AB, #8 round, 1.5mm hole (2 seed beads)
- Seed bead, Delica, glass, opaque matte metallic dark teal, #11 round (114 seed beads)
- Pearl, Swarovski crystal, powder green, 3mm round (49 pearls)
- Pearl, Swarovski crystal, bronze, 6mm baroque (4 pearls)
- Pearl, Swarovski crystal, bronze, 8mm baroque (22 pearls)
- Drop, Swarovski crystal, fern green, 11x5.5mm briolette (4 drops)
- Chaton, Swarovski crystal rhinestone, peridot, 3.0-3.2mm Xilion round (4 chatons)
- Chaton, Swarovski crystal rhinestone, emerald, 3.0-3.2mm Xilion faceted round (16 chatons)
- Crimp bead, copper, 2x2mm seamless tube (4 crimp beads)
- Jumpring, antiqued copper-plated brass, 6mm round, 18 gauge (21 jumprings)
- Jumpring, antiqued copper-plated brass, 8mm twisted round, 16 gauge (1 jumpring)
- Eyepin, antiqued gold-plated brass, 1-1/2 inch, 22 gauge (4 eyepins)
- Headpin, antiqued gold-plated brass, 2-inch, 22 gauge (9 headpins)
- Earwire mix, antiqued gold-plated brass and steel, 8 earwire styles (2 earwires)
- Clasp, toggle, antiqued copper-plated ''pewter'' (zinc-based alloy), 14mm round with flower (1 clasp)
- Clasp, toggle, antiqued copper-plated pewter (tin-based alloy), 22x20mm single-sided round leaf. (1 clasp)
- Chain, antiqued brass-plated steel, 3x2mm flat cable link
- Chain, antiqued brass-plated steel, 5x3mm twisted lightweight cable link
- Beading wire, Accu-Flex, metallic copper, 49 strand, 0.024-inch
- COPPRclay, 1700-degree formula
- BRONZclay, 1550-degree formula
- Adhesive, E-6000 jewelry and craft
- Molding compound, silicone, five minute
- Deep Flex Plastic Mold, 26x21mm-63x45mm assorted shaped leaves
- Texture plates, plastic, clear, 5x4-inch
- Super slicer
- Hobby knife set, steel
- Roller, clear acrylic
- Snake roller, acrylic
- Tool, slats, acrylic
- Agate burnisher, 8-inch
- Fine steel wire brush
- Tool set, beading awl
- Tool set, needle files, fine
- Polishing paper, green, 400 grit, 5x5 inch square
- Polishing paper, grey, 600 grit, 5x5 inch square
- Polishing paper, blue, 1,200 grit, 5x5 inch square
- Polishing paper, pink, 4,000 grit, 5x5 inch square
- Firing pan and lid, stainless steel, 7 x 6-1/2 x 4-inch
- Carbon, clay firing, activated coconut shell-based, for BRONZclay and COPPRclay
- Paragon kiln, model SC-2, 1400W-120V
- Lortone Model 3A rotary rock and jewelry tumbler
- Rotary tumbler shot mix
- Pliers, flush-cutter
- Pliers, round-nose
- Pliers, chain-nose
- Pliers, flat-nose
BRONZclay and COPPRclay
Making a Mold
|You can use manufactured molds for your designs or ones you make yourself. To make your own molds, gather some objects from nature such as tree branches, pinecones and bark.
Carefully evaluate your selections once you return to the studio. Make sure your objects are dry and don't have sap or bugs on them. Trim any sharp edges or unwanted parts with wire cutters.
||Prepare enough two-part silicone molding compound to make molds of the elements you have selected.
Press the prepared compound into a flat pancake, about 1/2 inch thick. Press your natural object(s) carefully into the compound making sure to get the object deep enough yet not so deep it pokes through the back side of the compound. Place a clear snake roller onto the surface of the object and press firmly so the items are level in the compound, but again, do not press so hard they go through the back.
Allow the compound to sit for 5-10 minutes until cured. You know the material is cured when you press a fingernail into the side of the mold and it does not leave an impression.
Remove objects from the compound when cured.
||Add a few drops of distilled water and olive oil to your metal clay and ''smoosh'' it all together. ''Wedge'' the clay by throwing it down with great force onto a hard smooth surface, such as your tabletop.
Wedging will remove any air bubbles and help the clay bond better on a molecular level, reducing cracks and blemishes that can ruin your piece when firing.
Press conditioned clay into and/or onto the molds.
Optional: Place a lightly oiled texture plate on top of your clay and press carefully and evenly--you can use a roller if you'd like.
Press a real pinecone onto the clay while still in the pinecone mold. This is done so the backs complement the theme of the design and don't seem forgotten.
Remove the clay from the molds. Your clay pieces will shrink quite a bit in the firing process, a little more than 25%, so plan accordingly. Trim the clay to suit your design.
At this stage, you can use a small straw or small circle clay cutter to form a hole for stringing. Let the clay dry completely.
Tip: Use an old coffee mug warmer or candle warmer to dry multiple pieces. Observe the pieces as they go from wet to dry, as they will tend to warp when dried too quickly. To counter the warping, flip the pieces from time to time.
For the nature-inspired charms and pendants shown, BRONZclay and COPPRclay were used. The following were created for use in the jewelry set shown: one piney pendant, one aspen leaf, one pinecone, four flowers with depressions to receive crystal chatons and two small leaves. It is best to make extras just in case some do not come out of the kiln as you would like.
|If you did not add a hole for stringing while the clay was wet, make sure you add one once the clay is completely dry. You can add a hole using a hobby knife, jeweler's file or carving tools. When creating a hole, be sure to work from both sides of the design so the hole is neat and clean.
Optional: Carve shallow depressions in the dried clay where you can glue in your crystal chatons after your piece is fired.
Firing Your Clay
|Refine the edges and surface of your pieces, making them as pristine as possible before firing. This step will help make your finishing after firing go quickly, so take your time.|
|Place the pieces into the activated carbon and fire according to manufacturer's instructions included with your clay.
Tip: It is a good idea to create ''test strips'' to use each time you fire. Roll out BRONZclay to equal the thickness of your design. Place your test strips in your firing chamber with your other objects and fire. After you remove your objects from the kiln and they cool off, try bending your test strip. If it snaps or breaks, your pieces are underfired and they are not sintered properly so need to be refired.
Sintering is vital in your firing process and is where the tiny particles of metal are brought to a temperature just below their melting point yet hot enough to cause the particles to bond or fuse together.
If your test strip bends, you have had a successful firing! It's quite common to have a few test firings as you're learning the correct firing schedule for your kiln.
Add 4 jumprings to the jumpring just added. Open the last jumpring added and add the loop on the toggle ring half of the clasp; close the jumpring.
- One dark gold size 11 Delica, one Swarovski crystal 4mm olivine bicone, one Swarovski crystal 6mm pearl, one Swarovski crystal 3mm copper bicone and one dark gold size 11 Delica. Repeat to make a total of 4.
- One Swarovski crystal 4mm light topaz bicone, one Swarovski crystal erinite rondelle and one Swarovski crystal 4mm light topaz. Repeat to make a total of 2.
- One dark gold size 11 Delica, one Swarovski crystal 4mm olivine bicone and one dark gold size 11 Delica. Repeat to make a total of 2.
- Poke a headpin through a metal clay pinecone and add one Swarovski crystal 6mm copper rondelle, one Swarovski crystal 4mm olivine bicone and one Swarovski crystal 3mm copper bicone.
: : : Additional Resources : : :
- ''Metal Clays - Tips for Working with Copper and Bronze Clay'' article
- ''How To Crimp a Crimp Bead/Crimp Tube'' how-to video and illustrated instructions
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